The Electronic Newsletter of the
Solar Physics Division
American Astronomical Society
Volume 2014 Number 14
Yuhong Fan, editor
1 July 2014
The concept of a LWS Institute small working group style meetings that focuses on well defined problems that demand intense, direct interactions between colleagues in neighboring disciplines has been created to encourage and facilitate a deeper understanding of the variety of processes that link the Sun's magnetic variability (radiation, solar wind, energetic particles) to Earth's environment and atmosphere. The goal of NASA Living With a Star program is to "Develop the scientific understanding necessary to enable the U.S. to effectively address those aspects of the connected Sun
Earth system that directly affects life and society." Thus, the LWS program with its focus on the basic science underlying all aspects of space weather and climate, acts as a catalyst to bring the many research disciplines and applications communities together to deepen the understanding of the system of systems created by the Sun Earth connection. To that end, the LWS Institute Working Groups will provide an opportunity for scientists from all over the world to contribute to the evolution of heliophysics
The inaugural LWS Institute is designed to facilitate a bridge between cutting-edge heliophysics research and a societally relevant technology area that is affected by space weather. Competitively selected working groups will define and scope new research that will make a critical difference to this technology.
An LWS Institute Working Group (WG) proposal will:
Focus on a particular technology area that will be positively affected by space weather research advances,
Identify a team that is composed of members who perform heliophysics research that is relevant to the affected technology, who forecast or model space weather for this technology, and who use (or who will use) this technology (when it is successfully improved),
Describe how the team will quantify and parameterize the magnitude and pathways of the impacts on the affected technology and will scope the new ranges of targeted research that accordingly will be needed, and
Articulate the impacts of this targeted research by envisioning the resulting, improved operational capability that will make a positive difference to society.
Each LWS Institute WG is required - as a final report - to jointly submit a peer-reviewed study that provides an integrated view of the space weather impacts on the selected technology area, a quantification of the magnitude of the impact for space weather of different magnitudes, a description of the impact pathways and of the scientific understanding achieved during the course of the WG, either a method to positively impact the technology or a research plan by which positive impact to the technology could be quantifiably achieved through space weather research advances, and a high-level graphical and textual vision of the resulting operational technology solution. The team will also provide a Working Group Report for the benefit of the LWS community.
Proposals should focus on:
Improving understanding of the process and/or magnitude of the impacts of space weather on the selected system,
Identifying the science needed to enable our forecast ability for that system, and
Outlining, if not executing, research that may develop abilities to reduce the impacts of space weather on that system.
2014 Working Group topic area:
We are seeking proposals that develop these principles in relation to the effects of geomagnetically induced currents (GICs) during CME-driven geomagnetic disturbances (GMDs). Proposals may focus on particular historical GMDs or on a statistical analysis of many such events. The impacted technological infrastructure may be (all or part of) the US high-voltage power distribution network or its components (e.g., transformers, generators, power lines, etc.), or may be equipment powered by the low-voltage distribution network or societal functions enabled by that (e.g., communication systems, transportation-navigation systems, or systems related to safety and security).
How the program works:
Up to twice a year, a call for applications will be released for international teams of scientists to address specific topic areas related to the broad theme of Living With a Star, including pure and applied research into the nature of space weather and space climate phenomena and their impacts on society and its infrastructure. Teams may be made up of approximately 8 to 15 scientists from different research labs, universities, and industry, from different countries and with complimentary expertise. The teams will meet approximately twice in a 12-month period for about a one-week duration each time. Meeting locations may vary depending upon cost and home institution locations of the participating scientists.
The team leader will be responsible for submission of the proposal and for organizing the execution of the project. The team leader should also identify a co-team lead that would provide complimentary expertise from the engineering/user community. The primary goal of the projects is to result in a comprehensive report of the outcome of the study and at least one refereed team publication. One or two postdoctoral or early career scientists may be included in the proposal to work alongside the team.
A science committee selected by the LWS Program Scientist and appointed by UCAR evaluates proposals and makes recommendations for support to LWS Institutes' sponsors. UCAR Visiting Scientist Programs administers these Working Groups and provides support for travel expenses, per diem, lodging and local area transportation costs during the weeklong meetings.
For details on submitting a proposal, please visit the website:
NASA Living With a Star
Scientific fields of research tend to split into parallel subdisciplines as our understanding deepens. The successful increase in knowledge of the workings of the Sun's magnetic activity, the recognition of the many physical processes that couple throughout the heliosphere, and the insights into the interaction of the solar wind and radiation with the Earth’s magnetic field and climate system, have tended to differentiate and insularize the solar, heliospheric, and geospace subdisciplines of the physics of the local cosmos. Technical jargons, publications channels, and meeting venues have also been subject to this tendency, hampering communication between the various subdisciplines.
The NASA Living With a Star program aims to reverse this trend. The recognition that the many connections within the Sun-Earth system require a systems approach, led to the development of an integrated strategic mission plan and a comprehensive research program encompassing all branches of solar, heliospheric, and space physics. This has raised awareness and appreciation of the research priorities and difficulties among LWS scientists, and has led to observational and modeling capabilities that span traditional discipline boundaries, and increased cross-publication in technical journals as well as the number of multi-disciplinary meetings.
The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research is a consortium of more than 100 member colleges and universities focused on research and training in the atmospheric and related Earth system sciences. The UCAR Visiting Scientist Programs office partners with federal agencies and universities across the nation to recruit, hire, and provide administrative management to scientists who are working on cutting-edge research of benefit to society.
7 July 2014
11 July 2014
The NSO solicits proposals for Cycle 3 of DST Service Mode Operations (SMO) scheduled for the whole month of October in the fourth quarter of 2014. Cycle 3 is dedicated to the observation of solar flares and will be supported by IRIS in the morning hours whenever possible. Discussions are ongoing to also secure support from the UV spectrographs Hinode/EIS and SDO/EVE.
As such the NSO would like to invite and encourage specifically scientists of the solar flare community to participate in Cycle 3. The feedback that we seek will continue to be of crucial importance for improving the procedures for service mode operations in general and for Target of Opportunity Flare Observations in particular.
Proposals that can be performed under less stringent observing conditions (relaxed spatial resolution conditions) at noon, in the afternoon, or on days that are otherwise not suited for flare observations are also welcome.
For more details and information on proposal preparation and submission please follow the announcement link from NSO's homepage http://www.nso.edu
or directly visit http://www.nso.edu/dst/smex
Proposal submission deadline for participation in Cycle 3 of DST Service Mode Operations is AUGUST 15, 2014.
Identical to Cycle 1 and Cycle 2 the following instrumentation is offered: ROSA in the blue wavelength range, IBIS in the visible wavelength range and FIRS in the near-infrared wavelength range. For details about the specific instrument options, please carefully read: http://nsosp.nso.edu/dst/smex-setup
Given the nature of ground-based observing and depending on the number of requests, we cannot promise that every request will be fulfilled, but your help and support of this operational mode will be greatly appreciated and will allow us to learn to develop efficient strategies for future operations of the DKIST (formerly known as the ATST).
Looking forward to hear from you,
Alexandra Tritschler and the DST-SMO Team
11 July 2014
The Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST) project (formerly known as the Advanced
Technology Solar Telescope, or ATST) began site construction in 2013. The 4m DKIST
will be the world's largest solar telescope, and once operational with its full set
of five first light instruments in 2019, DKIST will provide high resolution
observations of solar magnetic fields on disk and in the faint corona. Work at
the DKIST site, located at the University of Hawaii Haleakala Observatory, has
progressed significantly; the DKIST building now reaches to nearly half of its
designed height. Steel support beams for the Telescope Mount Assembly have been
installed (see http://dkist.nso.edu/node/1923
), and tests are being conducted on
the Coude rotation assembly (see http://dkist.nso.edu/node/1919
) at the manufacturer.
If everything continues as planned, the foundations for the Support and Operations
building and the lower enclosure will be complete by the end of the summer,
allowing the enclosure assembly to begin early in the fall of 2014. Additional images
of construction activities and progress can be viewed on the NSO web site
The figuring and polishing of the M1 blank has begun in the University of Arizona
College of Optical Sciences (COS) lab. This blank was recently finished by Schott
and is of exceptional quality. Test work by the COS team on the figuring procedure
using the DKIST test blank went well, and work on the M1 is expected to proceed
smoothly, with an estimated completion date of March 2015. Work on the other DKIST
optics including the polarization package and the wavefront correction systems are
being done now in a parallel effort.
The five DKIST first-light instruments are in a variety of phases in their developments;
this plan is meant to facilitate an orderly commissioning sequence at the telescope.
The Visible Broadband Imager (VBI) has completed the manufacturing phase, is undergoing
alignment and testing at the NSO headquarters in Boulder CO, and is expected to be
the first instrument installed at DKIST. The Cryogenic Near-Infrared Spectropolarimeter
(Cryo-NIRSP) has passed its Critical Design Review (CDR) and will begin fabrication
in August 2014. The Visible Tunable-Filter (VTF) is expecting to complete fabrication
by 2018. The Diffraction-Limited Near-Infrared Spectropolarimeter (DL-NIRSP) will
undergo its CDR later this fall, with the Visible Spectropolarimeter (VISP) CDR
following in early 2015.
The DKIST project is a collaborative effort of 22 institutions, and the international
solar physics community provides input to the project through the DKIST
Science Working Group (SWG), which meets next at the end of October 2014. The SWG is
working on a Critical Science Plan detailing the initial science experiments to be run
at the DKIST. Members of the solar physics community who are interested in DKIST science
should contact Mark Rast, the chair of the DKIST Science Working Group
(Mark.Rast@lasp.colorado.edu) or the DKIST Project Director (firstname.lastname@example.org).
13 July 2014
The ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA CONFERENCE SERIES Volume 10 is the PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS (ISSTP) held st the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Pune, India during November 5 - 9, 2012. The volume was edited by N. Gopalswamy, S. S. Hasan, P. B. Rao and Prasad Subramanian.
The symposium was held under the aegis of the Scientific Committee on Solar Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP), which is an interdisciplinary body of the International Council for Science (ICSU). SCOSTEP has been tasked with conducting long term scientific programs in Solar Terrestrial Physics. SCOSTEP also promotes Capacity Building activities in the form of International space science schools and public outreach activities.
This SCOSTEP symposium was hosted by the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune. In addition to SCOSTEP and IISER Pune, the Symposium was co-sponsored by the International Space Weather Initiative (ISWI), the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR), the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, the Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, IISER Kolkata, and the TIFR National Center for Radio Astronomy.
The volume contains 4 invited papers and 17 contributed papers. The papers can be downloaded from the following link:
Nat Gopalswamy, on behalf of the editors.
14 July 2014
As part of its restructuring, the National Solar Observatory (NSO) will relocate the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) facility to a new site. Initially, SOLIS will be relocated to Tucson for instrument and infrastructure upgrades, and it will be moved to a permanent site in late-2015- early 2016. The permanent location for SOLIS will be determined by early 2015. First stage of this relocation will start on July 21, when the SOLIS is scheduled to be moved to Tucson site. The current plan is to resume observations with the Integrated Sunlight Spectrometer (ISS) within 1-2 weeks after the relocation, and restore full operations of all SOLIS instruments by mid-end September 2014. SOLIS will provide a support to observational runs from DST and IRIS during month of October, and then will be down again for upgrading the Ca II 8542A modulator to enable the full Stokes (I, Q, U, and V) modulation during the month of November. During this transitional period, the flow of data from SOLIS instruments will be interrupted, but the NSO staff will strive to make these interruptions as short as possible. SOLIS web site will continue to serve the past data, and it will provide new data as soon as the observations are resumed. The future updates on SOLIS status will be posted on SOLIS web site at solis.nso.edu
14 July 2014
14 July 2014
I advertise for a new paper by myself under the title: "Electromagnetism in a strongly stratified plasma showing an unexpected effect of the Debye shielding", available at
This is an invited publication (in the Comptes Rendus Physique of the French Science Academy — English written) following a conference, which was organized in Paris on 26-27 March 2013 by URSI-France (Union Radio-Scientifique Internationale, National French Committee of Scientific Radio-Electricity), and was inspired by the 150-1 anniversary of the 1864 presentation by James Clerk Maxwell before the British Royal Society.
The strongly stratified plasma is the one of the photosphere, and I show that the anisotropic Debye shielding is responsible for the imbalance between the observed vertical decrease of the vertical magnetic flux, and the horizontal magnetic flux increase, as revealed by the THEMIS telescope multiline observations, and fully confirmed by the literature (15 references). I show that the Debye shielding applies to the magnetic field created by electric currents in a plasma.
With respect to my preceding Open Access paper on the same subject
which contains a more detailed description of the literature, this new paper contains numerical test results about the effect of the limited spatial resolution (several tests proposed by Jean Heyvaerts). All these tests conclude to no effect. In both papers, I show in a more general manner that the lack of spatial resolution, horizontal as well as vertical, cannot be responsible for this observed imbalance.
The strong stratification, which is the primary cause and is present as at any star surface, introduces an "aspect ratio" between horizontal and vertical typical lengths. When this aspect ratio is applied to the observed divB, this quantity becomes null again.
1 July 2014
NCAR's High Altitude Observatory seeks a new Director. See job
Consideration of qualified candidates will begin on Friday, August 1st
and in-person interviews are anticipated to take place the week of
September 15th, 2014.
The HAO Director is responsible for the overall scientific and strategic
mission, productivity, and excellence of the Observatory in the areas of
solar and heliospheric physics, and the effects of solar variability on
the Earth's magnetosphere, ionosphere, and upper atmosphere. This
includes HAO vision and mission leadership and management of the
implementation of long- and short-term planning that supports the HAO
and NCAR mission. The Director is also responsible for the effective
management and administration of the Observatory.
The Director fosters interaction and collaboration between NCAR, UCAR
and UCAR Community Programs staff and programs. In addition, the
Director is responsible for program advocacy in a number of forums
including government agencies, UCAR member and non-member institutions
and the scientific community at large.
As a member of the NCAR Executive Committee and an NCAR Associate
Director, the Director shares in NCAR management deliberations, offering
on the behalf of HAO and NCAR advice on matters such as scientific
goals, initiatives and standards, budgets, priorities, policies,
programs, and other matters.
4 July 2014
13 July 2014
A postdoctoral research fellowship in solar physics is available at the INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Naples (Italy) for work related to the project "Flare Chromospheres: Observations, Models and Archives" (F-CHROMA) funded by the EC programme FP7-SPACE-2012.
The successful candidate will work together with other Consortium members on the analysis and interpretation of high spatial and temporal resolution solar flare observations and the development of archives of observations and models. The particular emphasis in INAF-Capodimonte is on the calculation of the time evolution of chromospheric flare radiation and on the analysis of multi-wavelength observations of chromospheric flares.
-- Applicants must hold a PhD degree or equivalent in Astrophysics, Astronomy or Physics (alternatively, they must possess at least three years of documented scientific experience after a degree which would entitle to the admission to a PhD program);
-- Research experience in radiation hydrodynamics simulations in astrophysical contexts and/or research experience in Solar Physics, with emphasis on the analysis of multi-wavelength observations.
-- Independent and collaborative research skills;
-- A good command of written and spoken English.
Duration and starting date:
-- The fellowship is initially awarded for 12 months, and can be extended up to the duration of the F-CHROMA project (31 December 2016), depending on positive assessment of performances and on funding availability;
-- The preferred starting date for the fellowship is 1 October 2014 or as soon as possible thereafter.
-- The gross salary for this employment contract is 32,000 Euro/year, subject to about 10% contribution to social security. Travel funds will be available.
-- The application deadline is 7 August 2014.
-- More information and full application procedure:
Informal enquiries are welcome and are to be directed to Vincenzo Andretta (email@example.com)
2 July 2014
Request for Submissions of Abstracts for
Van Allen 100: Waves and Particles in Space and Astrophysical Plasmas
Celebrating the Legacy of James Van Allen on the 100th Anniversary of his Birth
Mini-conference at the
American Physical Society 56th Division of Plasma Physics Meeting
October 27-31, 2014, New Orleans, Louisiana
The collisionless interaction between electromagnetic waves and plasma
particles is a fundamental mechanism at the heart of kinetic plasma
physics and plays a key role in a wide variety of space and
astrophysical plasma environments. Exploring these interactions is
particularly crucial to understanding the physics of Earth's Van Allen
Radiation Belts and to determining the transport of cosmic rays
throughout the heliosphere. Yet the separate research communities
addressing these different scientific problems rarely interact with
each other or with the fundamental plasma physics community, even
though the underlying physics has many commonalities. The APS Topical
Group in Plasma Astrophysics (GPAP) is dedicated to fostering
cross-disciplinary interaction among plasma physicists, space
physicists, and astrophysicists. We are sponsoring the Van Allen 100
Mini-Conference at the 2014 APS Division of Plasma Physics Meeting in
New Orleans to to encourage communication between plasma physicists
and the space and astrophysical plasma communities dedicated to the
study of both the physics of the Van Allen Radiation Belts and the
transport of cosmic rays throughout the heliosphere and the Galaxy.
We request interested scientists to submit abstracts for contributed
oral or poster presentations on
1) Radiation Belt Physics
2) Cosmic Ray Transport
for the Van Allen 100 Mini-Conference. The abstracts should be
submitted online at
before the submission deadline on July 11, 2014. Presenters must
select mini-conference subject category 15.3 and include the brief
mini-conference title "Van Allen 100" in the Special Instructions.
Mini-conference presenters are allowed one additional first author
paper submission in the regular technical program.
2 July 2014
Each non-central solar eclipse year, we organize an international conference. Professional and amateur astronomers from all over the world gather and talk about solar physics, solar eclipses and any other solar related topics. We organized similar conferences in 2000 Antwerp Belgium, 2004 Milton Keynes UK, 2007 California USA, and now in 2014 New Mexico USA for which you can see our webpages at http://www.eclipse-chasers.com/SEC2014.html
This SEC2014 edition, we have a pre-conference at Sacramento Peak Observatory where we have practical sessions, partial solar eclipse observing and a BBQ on Thursday 23 October 2014. On Friday, once more practical sessions, processing the partial solar eclipses images and filming, TSE2017 workshop, etc. Friday evening we have a reception at the New Mexico Museum for Space History. The next two days, Saturday 25 and Sunday 26 October 2014 conference talks and presentations at The Lodge Resort in Cloudcroft. Saturday night is the eclipse dinner. Last but not least, The Amateur Astronomers Group of Alamogordo host SEC2014 star parties Friday and Saturday night on the golf course of The Lodge Resort. Have a look and register at our webpages at http://www.eclipse-chasers.com/SEC2014.html
So far we have 122 registrations out of 19 different countries.
Line up of speakers and presenters we have (alphabetical): Amateur Astronomers Group (AAG) Alamogordo, (US); Jay Anderson (Canada); Amair Asim (Pakistan); Derryl Barr (US); Jean-Pierre Barriot (French Polynesia); John W. Briggs (USA); Ray Brooks (US); Ralph Chou (Canada); Terry Cuttle (Australia); Kris Delcourte (Belgium); Fred Espenak (US); Victor Fainshtein (Russia); Charles Fulco (USA); Shadia Habbal (US); Nick James (UK); Xavier Jubier (France); Stephen Keil (US); Roger Kennedy (US); Hamid Khodashenas/Soheil Malekzadeh (Iran); Serge Koutchmy (France); Bill Kramer (Jamaica); Scott McIntosh (US); Forest Mims III (USA); Tom Murphy (US); Richard Nugent (US); Jay M. Pasachoff (US); Voyto Rusin (Czech Republic); Glenn Schneider (US); Joerg Schoppmeyer (Germany); Jan Sladecek (Czech Republic); Ajay Talwar (India); John Tilley (UK); Michael Zeiler (US).
Closing date for registrations 20 August. So be there! Let us know if you have any further queries.
Have a nice day and … see you in October?
Patrick & Joanne
Tel +44 7792029553
2 July 2014
Fall AGU Session on Coronal Magnetism
Coronal magnetism is at the heart of any understanding of the origins of space weather at the Earth, and of the slower evolution on solar-cycle time scales of its space environment. We are now at a watershed moment: not only are telescopes using infrared, visible, and radio magnetometry obtaining unprecedented observations, but also future large telescopes are under development and construction, making it feasible to map the 3D magnetic field from photosphere into the corona. We invite contributions on subjects such as coronal polarimetry at multiple wavelengths, theory and modeling of magnetic energy storage and release, forward and inverse methods of analysis, and the coronal magnetic field throughout the solar cycle.
Conveners: Sarah Gibson, Kathy Reeves, Stephen White
SUBMIT YOUR ABSTRACT HERE: https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm14/webprogrampreliminary/Session2275.html
William Dean Pesnell
3 July 2014
We invite you to submit an abstract to the following session at the Fall AGU meeting and to participate in the discussion at the meeting.
Scott Mcintosh and W. Dean Pesnell
Session 2941: A Mid-Course Correction for the Sun-Earth Connection
We may live in the atmosphere of our star, but our understanding of the Sun-Earth Connection (SEC) is far from complete. While improving considerably over the last two decades through observational and modeling advances, we are still humbled by the (many) ways in which the Sun’s magnetic field can affect the Earth and humanity. The need to understand the SEC is compounded by the fact that ten years from now we will have even more advanced observatories sampling the coupled domain. That means it is time to take stock and ask important questions about our understanding of the SEC and provide return for the hardware and intellectual investment. Where are the holes in our understanding? What processes and mechanisms should be prioritized for research in the next decade? How would we observe and model them? Papers addressing the future of SEC research are solicited for this special session.
To submit an Abstract to this Session go to http://agu.confex.com/agu/fm14/sh/papers/index.cgi?sessionid=2941
Scott Mcintosh and W. Dean Pesnell, Conveners
2 July 2014
The 2nd SOLARNET School: “Ground- and space-based solar instruments” will be organized in Tatranska Lomnica (Slovakia), October 5-16, 2014.
The school is dedicated to PhD students and novel post-doc researchers, working in solar physics. The lectures will be carried out by experienced scientists and give students knowledge on current and future ground- and space- based solar instruments, observational strategies, post-focus instrumentation and data acquisition. The hands-on sessions will be carried out also at Lomnicky Stit Observatory on the Double Solar Coronagraph and Coronal Multi-channel Polarimeter. There will be given information on the European Solar Telescope (EST) project and on the FP7 SOLARNET project, as well as lectures on complementary skills.
The School is supported by EC FP7 project "SOLARNET".
Web page: http://www.astro.sk/SOLARNET_2ND_SCHOOL/
y July 2014
We invite abstracts to the session "Computer Vision Codes in Solar Physics: Challenges and Limitations" at the AGU Fall Meeting at San Francisco, CA during
15-19 December, 2014.
Deadline for Abstract Submission: 6 August 2014
Session Description: With the launch of Solar Dynamics Observatory in 2010, the archive of solar imaging data has expanded by several terabytes per day. For meaningful and accurate data analysis, it has become necessary to develop automated image processing techniques and feature extraction tools that efficiently define features and select events, deal with proper background subtraction, noise discrimination, and deconvolution of instrumental
point-spread functions. Data mining of large data sets provides unprecedented statistics in the extraction of scaling laws between spatio-temporal and physical parameters. Contributions are invited to this session, which is relevant to all space missions, including STEREO, HINODE, SDO, and IRIS, that discuss the issues, challenges, and pitfalls encountered in studies using large solar imaging data sets, and recommend suitable practices.
Conveners: Bala Poduval, Craig DeForest, Markus Aschwanden
9 July 2014
Measurement Techniques for Solar and Space Physics Conference
Date: April 20-24, 2015
Location: NCAR HAO Center Green, Boulder, Colorado
Conveners: James Spann, Thomas Moore, Philip Erickson, and Eftyhia Zesta, with Joe Davila, Glyn Collinson, Brian Anderson, Philip Erickson, Mike Wiltberger, John Bonnell, Alexi Pevtsov, Sabrina Savage, Rob Pfaff, James Clemmons, and Steven Christie
Abstract deadline: January 23, 2015
Registration Deadline: March 20, 2015
Meeting Goals and Description:
There are two goals for this workshop and the associated publication of its content:
With reference to solar and space physics, (a) describe measurement techniques and technology development needed to advance high priority science and (b) provide a survey of techniques for measuring in situ and remotely observing space plasmas.
To make significant progress in priority science as expressed in the NRC solar and space physics decadal survey and recent NASA heliophysics roadmaps, identification of enabling measurement techniques and technologies to be developed is required. Additionally, it is valuable to the community and future scientists and engineers to have a complete state of the art survey of the techniques and technologies used by the practitioners of solar and space physics.
An update and augmentation captured in the existing two-volume AGU monograph series "Measurement Techniques in Space Plasmas: Particles and Fields" (Geophysical Monographs # 102 and 103, 1998, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC 20009) that focuses on particles and fields, is needed. Over the last decade much progress has been made in instrumentation to measure the properties of space plasma, and there is no equivalent collection of papers that address techniques for particles, fields, remotely sensing photon and particle sources and ground-based instrumentation. This workshop and publications will meet these goals in an effective manner.
In addition to particle and fields, the workshop will add measurements by photon imaging and ground-based methods. Particular attention will be given to those techniques and technologies that demonstrate promise of significant advancement in measurements that will enable the highest priority science as described in the 2012 Decadal Survey to be achieved. Additionally, a broad survey of the current technologies will be provided to serve as reference material and as a basis from which advanced and innovative ideas can be discussed. Instrumentation and techniques to observe the solar environment from its interior to its outer atmosphere, the heliosphere out to the interstellar regions, Geospace and planetary magnetospheres and atmospheres are included.
More information is available on the conference web page: https://mtssp.msfc.nasa.gov/
Below is a partial list of example measurement techniques that is included:
** Particles: Particles include the plasmas from energies from thermal to MeV, energetic particles, and neutral particles (ENA).
** Fields: Fields include electric and magnetic fields, and waves.
** Photons: The photons section will focus on instruments sensitive across a broad spectral range; from the near infrared to x-rays. Contributions of techniques and technology for optical design, optical components, sensors, material selection for cameras, telescopes, and spectrographs are encouraged.
** Ground-Based: the ground-based measurements for the study of solar and Geospace activity and space weather. The focus includes solar observatories, all-sky cameras, lidars, and ITM observatory systems such as radars, ionosondes, GPS receivers, and magnetometers; conjugate observations and airborne campaigns.
9 July 2014
2014 Living With a Star (LWS) Science Meeting:
"Evolving Solar Activity and Its Influence on Space and Earth"
Nov. 2-6, 2014 * Portland, Oregon
Abstract Due: August 1.
For session descriptions and the abstract form, please visit the LWS Meeting website: http://lws-sdo-workshops.org/
. We have many great speakers lined up and we hope you can join us!
Funding opportunities for graduate students, post-docs, and early career scientists -- details on the website.
10 July 2014
We now invite you to submit contributed abstracts to our upcoming Fall AGU 2014 SH/SM/SA/NH session entitled "Bz from the Sun to the Earth: Observations and Modeling". The session description, convenor and other relevant details are below.
Details of this year's Fall AGU can be found here: http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2014/
, and the abstract-submission system is now open and can be accessed directly for this session here: https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm14/webprogrampreliminary/Session2237.html
; please note carefully that the whole submission system has changed this year (instructions/tutorial can be found here: http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2014/files/2014/06/FM14-Abstract-Submission-Instructions_FINAL-FINAL1.pdf
) and that the hard submission deadline is 07 August 2014 at 03:59UT (which translates as 06 August 2014 23:59 EDT and 06 August 2014 20:59 PDT).
Authors are allowed to submit up to two invited abstracts, or one invited abstract and one contributed abstract, or just one contributed abstract as first author and the first author must be a current AGU member for 2014; first authors may also submit one additional contributed abstract to an Education (ED) or Public Affairs (PA) session (please see http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2014/scientific-program/abstract-submission-policies/
for further abstract-submission rules and details).
Please submit your abstract sooner rather than later in case of problems with the new submission system or with your AGU membership credentials rather than risk missing the hard deadline due to any such or other unforseen problems.
Many thanks in advance and we look forward to receiving you submission shortly!
Mario (on behalf of the session convenors as detailed below).
AGU Session ID# 2237 - "Bz from the Sun to the Earth: Observations and Modeling" - joint SH-SM-SA-NH Session
Conveners: Mario M. Bisi (RAL Space, UK) - Mario.Bisi [at] stfc.ac.uk, Bernard V. Jackson (UC San Diego, USA) - bvjackson [at] ucsd.edu, J. Todd Hoeksema (Stanford University, USA) - todd [at] solar.stanford.edu, and Raymond J. Walker (UC Los Angeles/NSF, USA) - rwalker [at] igpp.ucla.edu/rwalker [at] nsf.gov.
This session solicits contributions about the current status of, and potential advances in, observations, measurements, and modeling techniques used to study Bz from its origins below the solar “surface”, through the inner heliosphere to the Earth. The ability to determine and predict heliospheric magnetic field is also of high importance for space-weather forecasting; a southward-directed field component is thought to be the primary driver of sub-storms and geomagnetic activity at Earth. High-speed solar wind, especially at the time of transient structure arrival (e.g. during coronal mass ejections) at Earth, is also of a high importance in producing geomagnetic changes. Topics can include, but are not limited to, Bz emergence, Bz in the solar wind and solar-wind transients/flux ropes, tracing Bz ‘evolution’ from the Sun to the Earth, Bz predictability at the Earth, and the role Bz plays in geomagnetic activity including the flow of solar-wind energy into Earth's upper atmosphere.
Confirmed invited speakers:
Christopher Russell, UCLA
Karel Schrijver, Lockheed Martin
Vic Pizzo, NOAA/SWPC
2134 - Interplanetary Physics: Interplanetary magnetic fields
4305 - Natural Hazards: Space Weather
7513 - Solar Physics, Astrophysics, and Astronomy: Coronal Mass Ejections
7954 - Space Weather: Magnetic storms
13 July 2014
This year's Fall AGU organizes a cross-cutting session that is aimed at bringing together solar and magnetospheric researchers to foster a productive discussion on recent eye-opening results on reconnection and consequences for plasma transport and heating across the wide range of heliophysical environments. Please consider to submit your most exciting research on this topic to the session below.
Session ID#: 3111
Session Title: Magnetic Reconnection and its Universal Consequences in Magnetospheric and Solar Plasmas
Magnetic reconnection occurs in a vast range of different plasma conditions, but yet may have similar critical consequences for plasma transport and heating. At Earth and Mercury, the balance between dayside and magnetotail reconnection, sets up the conditions for spontaneous reconnection in the collisionless magnetotail, leading to fast inward flows and heating. At Jupiter and Saturn, there is strong evidence for tail reconnection and similar fast inward flows, but rotational centrifugal forces are likely to be the more important driver triggering reconnection on closed field lines. At high altitudes in the solar corona, reconnection appears to take place with subsequent phenomena such as Supra-Arcade Downflows (SAD) and other instabilities with intriguing similarities to those occurring in planetary magnetotails. This session invites contributions on experimental and theoretical work that addresses reconnection and its consequence in the context of the wide range of plasma environments throughout the heliosphere.
Pontus C. Brandt (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA.
Brian J. Anderson
The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA.
West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
Harry P. Warren
Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, USA.
14 July 2014
Solar Physics With Subarcsecond Resolution
Session ID#: 3626
Large space- and ground-based telescopes allow us to probe solar phenomena with
unprecedented resolution and have opened a new era in heliophysics research. In
particular, a whole new world of complexity of multi-scale magnetism and dynamics
from the photosphere to the corona has been revealed. Contributions are invited that
discuss new observational results from space missions (including SDO, Hinode, IRIS,
SUNRISE, HI-C) and ground-based telescopes (e.g., SST, DST, NST, GREGOR), related
advances in numerical simulations, modeling and theory, and future perspectives of
high-resolution solar physics.
Conveners: Alexander G Kosovichev, Big Bear Solar Observatory, Big Bear City, CA, United States; Valentin M Pillet, National Solar Observatory, Tucson, AZ, United States
Abstract submission deadline: Wednesday, August 6 (11:59 p.m. EDT)
14 July 2014
The deadline for abstract submissions is August 6, 2014 at 11:59 P.M. EDT
The strong dynamic and magnetic coupling between the solar convection zone, chromosphere and corona leads to diverse manifestations of solar activity across many spatial and temporal scales. Current space- and ground-based observations, complemented with realistic numerical simulations, provide a unique opportunity to investigate and understand various aspects of this coupling. Contributions are invited that discuss observations and modeling of dynamics on the Sun at different temporal and spatial scales, simulations of the coupling between convective zone and atmosphere, observations of, for example, emerging magnetic flux, oscillations, waves, and eruptions, and that advance understanding of global phenomena in the context of small-scale dynamics and highly energetic events.
Irina Kitiashvili, Nagi Mansour
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States
2014 SolarNews Instructions
15 Jan 2014